The SharpestCrayon Apprentice Program: Minecraft Server Administration




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Configure your Minecraft launcher on Mac/Windows for:

To play, set Multiplayer > Add new server to:

The SharpestCrayon Minecraft Server...

To get (rent) your own Minecraft server...

To get plugins for your server...








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Ok, right up front, installing mods in Minecraft is not easy the first time through. There are a few steps you have to take that will be unfamiliar to you. So you must be determined to learn it in order to be able to do it. But once done, it's easy to add new mods.

To really learn how to mod Minecraft, it's smart to watch someone actually do it and copy what they do. Written instructions (like these) usually leave out some details. A good YouTube video (see below) can be the ticket.

The reason Minecraft mods are a tricky subject to learn is because mods are not officially supported by Minecraft (or, Mojang, the parent company). That means that mods are a 'hack' of Minecraft, made by users, not by Minecraft. Whenever a newer version of Minecraft comes out then mod makers have to update their mods so they work with the new version.

There are two different kinds of mods (modifications) for Minecraft:
Client (local) mods, and, Server (remote) plugins

This page will focus on client mods, not server plugins.

About MODS:
Mods modify your local version of Minecraft located on your computer's hard drive. All of the modding you do, therefore, involves putting the downloaded mod files in a /mods folder on your hard drive. Mods only benefit you and do not show up on other players' computers that you play with in LAN mode. In other words, mods are not generally useful as a multiplay tool that everyone uses together. For example, if you have a mod installed that creates new monsters in your world, those monsters will not appear in other multiplayer's worlds, and in fact may crash the LAN game. On the other hand, there are some mods that you can have on your computer while multiplaying that will work fine, such as a mod that shows you a miniature map of your world, etc. That's just a local effect and does not have anything to do with what other players need to see.

Plugins are just like mods except they modify the remote Minecraft game server and not your local computer. That way, the server serves up the mod effects to everyone equally at the same time. In other words, if you mod your Minecraft server, everyone that plays on that server sees the same mod effects, thus it's the best way to enjoy a modded version of Minecraft with our friends.

How to install MODS on your local computer:

A YouTube video that shows how (PC):

A YouTube video that shows how (Mac):

If you use Twitch, there's an easy way to install mods from it:

Before you can use mods, you have to install a "mod handler" program called Forge. Once Forge is installed on your computer copy of Minecraft, you can add mods to Minecraft. Go to and download the Universal installer for the version of Minecraft you will be playing. Run the downloaded file and it will guide you through the simple (and automatic) installation of Forge. Very easy.

Once Forge is installed, you can add downloaded mods to Minecraft by dropping or copying them to the "mods" folder inside your Minecraft file system.

Finding your Minecraft file system:

On Mac: ~Library/Application Support/minecraft/mods
On PC: username/App Data/Roaming/.minecraft/mods

To find mods for your game, find them at mod sites like

Drop the downloaded mod file into your 'mods' folder and restart the Minecraft game.


Last thought:
Modding Minecraft involves lots of details and you will run into problems. It takes perseverance and determination to work it out and finally understand the process. Good luck!